The advance, the tactical diameter, and the transfer are given as multiplicity of ship’s length.
IMO standards for Deep water:
Turning characteristics depend on the ship size.
The tactical diameter is not proportional to the displacement of the ship, but relative tactical diameter D/L is equal for ships of different sizes but geometrically similar.
Normally in calm water a fully loaded ship at speed about 5 knots with a rudder hard over (35 deg) will turn round 180 degrees in less than 4 ship’s lengths. With a smaller rudder angle the ship will make larger turning circle and gain more speed.
Performing a turning manoeuvre the ship requires some free space. This space is larger than the turning circle, because at each point of the turning circle the ship is positioned at certain angle (drift angle) to the tangent to the path of the centre of gravity (CG).
The principal reason for introducing the above strategies is desire to shorten the stopping distance by judicious use of the hull and rudder braking forces while maintaining the ship’s controllability.